18/05 - Masters’ Course in Architectural Education: Aζ and Sushant School of Art and Architecture, Ansal University

Sushant School of Art and Architecture and Aζ will host a closed-door meet­ing to ex­plore a new Masters’ Course in Architectural Education, posited first in the mid-2000s by Architexturez South Asia as a re­sponse to con­di­tions that ob­tained at that time. The meet­ing will ask ques­tions about ways of pro­fes­sion­al­iz­ing ar­chi­tec­tural ed­u­ca­tion and by tak­ing stock of re­al­i­ties at-large, it will pre­sent work that has been done at some cen­tres in India so far to ad­dress the short­com­ings we so of­ten hear about.


Four two-hour ses­sions with a dozen fo­cussed pre­sen­ta­tions and in­ter­ven­tions. The pre­sen­ta­tions are con­structed as ex­per­i­ments in con­ver­sa­tion – the man­ners of speak­ing – about Architecture, Architectural Education and the Institutions in India since 1947.

Architectural Education in India, its Function and Field

This ses­sion will at­tempt to char­ac­ter­ize the con­text of for­mal ar­chi­tec­tural ed­u­ca­tion, as it is prac­tised in India since 1947.

  1. The Architect-Function: This pre­sen­ta­tion con­cerns events af­fect­ing trans­for­ma­tions of the term architect” in India since 1947. It will de­scribe, first, the change af­fected by the Architect’s Bills (1968 and 1972) and go on to dis­cuss events that have sig­nif­i­cantly af­fected the in­ter­pre­ta­tion of the term |architect|. While a few events are well-un­der­stood, the pre­sen­ter will ar­gue, oth­ers – those sur­round­ing, say, the discursive’ events sur­round­ing the Festivals of India and the revolutionary’ event of the Political Integration of India – are in need of a closer in­spec­tion, in ret­ro­spect the af­fect they have had on con­duct of Architectural Education in India.
    Will in­clude a brief his­tory of the idea.
    Presenter: Anand Bhatt, with an in­ter­ven­tion by Manoj Mathur (30 Minutes)

  2. Architectural Education from the outside’: cov­ers the chal­lenge of cre­at­ing rel­e­van­cies in pro­fes­sional courses that must em­brace the global while ex­e­cut­ing lo­cally ar­gues the pre­sen­ter. Taking ex­am­ples of Design and Humanities courses and em­pir­i­cal stud­ies, he asks two ques­tions; with what LENS do we study the cur­ricu­lum to en­sure rel­e­vance?’, and How are oth­ers, in the BRICS coun­tries, Africa and Eastern Europe; de­sign­ing high-im­pact, blended (or ex­pe­ri­en­tial) learn­ing courses for the Digital First” so­ci­eties in the mak­ing?’
    Presenter: Sanjay Dwivedi with in­ter­ven­tions by Madhav Raman (30 Minutes)

  3. Considering Architectural Education: is an in­vi­ta­tion for a struc­tured di­a­logue on ed­u­ca­tion from an aca­d­e­mic. The speaker will pre­sent a deeply per­sonal view of Architectural Education, draw­ing from his ex­pe­ri­ence in the de­sign of courses and cur­ric­ula, em­pir­i­cal re­search and doc­u­men­ta­tion. The speaker, who will be pre­sent­ing again the third ses­sion, has sev­eral ques­tions for aca­d­e­mics pre­sent with an in­ten­tion to char­ac­ter­ize Architectural Education across di­verg­ing schools’ that ob­tain in Indian Architecture.
    Presenter: Ravindra Vasavada, with in­ter­ven­tions by Ashok Lall and KT Ravindran and re­sponses by Mark Arjun Warner (30 Minutes)

Why cre­ate a Masters’ Course in Architectural Education?

This ses­sion will eval­u­ate the af­fects that oc­cur when­ever new spe­cial­ized dis­ci­plines and branches of stud­ies are ex­truded from the ker­nel. It will, in par­tic­u­lar, con­sider the im­pact of Masters’ pro­grammes in Urban Design, Sustainable Architecture, and Conservation Architecture in India to build a met­ric for eval­u­at­ing the pro­posed pro­gramme in ed­u­ca­tion.

It is an open dis­cus­sion and each ques­tion will be ini­ti­ated by Architexturez South Asia with a five-minute pre­sen­ta­tion ar­tic­u­lat­ing some key ques­tions at three lev­els:

  • At the level of Ideology: how spe­cial­iza­tions since the 1980s in India have af­fected the way we speak’ or think about Architecture?

  • At the level of Methodology: how spe­cial­iza­tions have af­fected the prac­tice of Architecture and the pro­fes­sions at-large?

  • From a Temporal stand­point: In what kind of time do these af­fects oc­cur?

Managed by Ameet Babbar, Shiny Varghese and Vibhuti Sachdev (60 Minutes)

Three Representative Courses

This ses­sion will pre­sent a new Masters’ in Architectural Education course that is dis­cussed at Sushant School of Art and Architecture, and two courses that were pre­pared in 2006 by TVB School of Habitat Studies and Centre for Environmental Planning and Technology to un­der­stand the scope and re­quire­ments.

  1. The first pre­sen­ta­tion by Sushant School of Art and Architecture will dis­cuss the cur­rent Undergraduate Programme at SSAA, its pri­or­i­ties and method­olo­gies, and pre­sent the gen­eral struc­ture of the Masters’ courses.
    Presenters: Suruchi Modi and Vibhuti Sachdev (30 Minutes)

  2. The sec­ond pre­sen­ta­tion will dis­cuss TVB School of Habitat Studies (now GGSIPU), start­ing with the early in the Curriculum Development at GREHA, this pre­sen­ta­tion will dis­cuss the ped­a­gogy and aca­d­e­mics at TVB-SHS and pre­sent the M.Arch Course in Architecture Education for GGSIPU, pre­pared by Dr K.L. Nadir and Anand Bhatt un­der the su­per­vi­sion of Ashok Lall (Dean of Studies) and AG Krishna Menon (Director).
    Presenters: Ashok Lall and Rajat Ray with re­sponses by Mark Arjun Warner (30 Minutes)

  3. The third pre­sen­ta­tion will con­trast cur­ricu­lum de­vel­op­ment at the School of Architecture, Ahmedabad, (1979-2003) with at CEPT University (2007-present). It will dis­cuss Programme Notes to­wards a Masters’ Course in Architectural Education com­mis­sioned by CEPT University, cre­ated in 2005-’06, at the time of tran­si­tion.
    Presenters: Surya Kakani and Ravindra Vasavada (Two pre­sen­ta­tions of 20 Minutes)

Levels, Competencies, and Requirements

The trans­for­ma­tions ex­pe­ri­enced by Institutes of­fer­ing Architectural Education are in need of a deep con­sid­er­a­tion as we can ev­i­dence from the con­tem­po­rary con­ver­sa­tion: no mat­ter who is speak­ing, we hear the same ex­pec­ta­tions, the same man­ners-of-speech cen­tred on the same com­po­nents that tend to be­tray a kind of weari­ness, a sense of de­ple­tion, as if the aca­d­e­mic process has moved else­where even as ar­chi­tects con­tinue to speak about it with a sense of trust and truth­ful­ness.

  1. What has changed, what is chang­ing: an in­vi­ta­tion from ex­pe­ri­enced aca­d­e­mics who have con­tin­u­ously par­tic­i­pated in National Strategy and Policy dis­cus­sions over the years. The pre­sen­ta­tion of­fer ob­ser­va­tions on re­cent events in Architecture, per­sonal in­sights in the processes that are un­der­way, and ad­dress ques­tions to the aca­d­e­mics pre­sent to ar­tic­u­late the emerg­ing de­mands on Architectural Education, where the dis­ci­plines of the pro­fes­sion are re­pro­duced.
    Presenters: KT Ravindran, Ravindra Punde and Shiny Varghese (Three pre­sen­ta­tions, 10-20 Minutes each)

  2. Learning from Integrating — LEAN prin­ci­ples in an AI-First World: is a pre­sen­ta­tion that asks sev­eral ques­tions, given the Government of India’s re­liance on techno-sci­en­tific trans­for­ma­tions when it comes to poli­cies con­cern­ing ar­chi­tec­ture, ur­ban de­sign and cities in gen­eral. It be­comes in­ter­est­ing in the con­text of these poli­cies to ask as to how spec­i­fi­ca­tions of con­cep­tu­al­iz­ing processes, such as the Design Thinking Principles will as­sist cur­rent and fu­ture ar­chi­tects launch their pro­fes­sional prac­tices. The pre­sen­ter will raise two key ques­tions, (a) will aes­thet­ics will re­main a gift’ or a sense for a cho­sen few or be­come a mis­sion-crit­i­cal sub­ject that un­der­pins all learn­ing? and (b) given sci­ences out­side of ar­chi­tec­ture and ar­chae­ol­ogy have in­truded the dis­ci­plines in com­pelling ways, how much should be taught us­ing com­pu­ta­tional – AI-First” – ap­proaches and where tra­di­tional meth­ods must per­sist?
    Two Discussions: Sanjay Dwivedi; fol­lowed by Anubha Kakaroo, Kshitij Marwah and Navyug Mohnot (15-20 Minutes each)

  3. Controlling and Regulating Architectural Education: This pre­sen­ta­tion re­con­sid­ers the Architect-Function, vis-à-vis the dual and in­com­pat­i­ble in­ter­pre­ta­tions of the CoA’s role – that of a reg­is­trar and tribunal’, and of a protector’ – that pre­vail and fo­cuses on the ero­sion of the Councils’ pow­ers since the early 2000s. Finally, it asks what au­thor­ity – even a moral right – does the CoA have in over­see­ing the main­te­nance of the Minimum Standards of Architectural Education in India? Has the time not come, for schools of ar­chi­tec­ture, to re­turn to the types of rea­son­ing, or, at the least the man­ners of speech de­ployed prior to the Architect’s Act?
    Presenter: Anand Bhatt with in­ter­ven­tions by aca­d­e­mics and re­sponses by Shiny Varghese (30 Minutes)


Ameet Babbar, Anand Bhatt (1)(2), Sanjay Dwivedi, Vijay Garg, Anubha Kakaroo, Ashok B. Lall, Manoj Mathur, Suruchi Modi (3), Surya Kakani, Nirmal Kulkarni, Ravindra Punde, Rajat Ray, KT Ravindran, Vibhuti Sachdev (3), Shiney Varghese, RJ Vasavada, Mark Arjun Warner.

Jeyanthi Nadesalingam and Himanshu Sanghani, Observers for Sushant School of Art and Architecture; Madhav Raman as dis­cus­sant for Sanjay Dwivedi in the first ses­sion; Navyug Mohnot and Kshitij Marwah in dis­cus­sion with Anubha Kakaroo and Sanjay Dwivedi in the fourth ses­sion. With mes­sages from Prem Chandavarkar and Riyaz Tayyibji

Format: Interventions typ­i­cally con­sist of a re­search pre­sen­ta­tion and ques­tions for the au­di­ences, in equal mea­sure, see the ab­stracts of the pre­vi­ous meet­ing for ref­er­ence.

Concluding Session: Introducing the next Architexturez South Asia Meetings.

  • Architectural Publications: a re­view meet­ing to eval­u­ate drafts of the read­ers and texts pre­pared by Architexturez South Asia, the read­ers will pro­vide text­books in pro­fes­sional prac­tice and ar­chi­tec­tural ed­u­ca­tion and the texts are reprints of long out-of-print, but case-es­tab­lish­ing, PhD Thesis and Books.
    Presenter: Anand Bhatt (10 Minutes)

  • Intellectual Property, Copyrights, Moral Rights and Architectural Works: hosted by Indian Institute of Architects (Northern Chapter) is a meet­ing to un­der­stand the points of con­ver­gence amongst the Architects’ Act and other laws that af­fect the prac­tice of ar­chi­tec­ture in India, for two rea­sons, (a) to dis­pel the com­mon no­tions sur­round­ing the idea of ar­chi­tec­ture as it is en­shrined in India; and (b) to pay spe­cific at­ten­tion to the con­ver­gence be­tween the Design Act (which al­lows build­ing to be de­sign-marked, and by im­pli­ca­tion al­low­ing for builidng de­sign­ers’), Copyright Act (describing what the prac­tice of ar­chi­tec­ture en­tails) and the Architects’ Act (describing who is a prac­tic­ing ar­chi­tect).
    Presenters: Ameet Babbar and Vijay Garg (10 Minutes)


71, KK Birla Ln,
Lodhi Estate, New Delhi.

10:00 — 18-:30 Hours
12th May, 2018

Architecture Design Studio at CEPT, circa 1980
Architecture Design Studio at CEPT, circa 1980: I be­lieve that the in­sti­tu­tions are the pri­mary el­e­ments of an en­vi­ron­ment. When one is to de­sign ei­ther a build­ing or a set­tle­ment, it is nec­es­sary as a first act to study the in­ter­ac­tion be­tween the in­di­vid­ual and the com­mu­nity, and to pro­vide for com­mu­nity spaces and the in­sti­tu­tions of the com­mu­nity.” Source: Doshi, Balkrishna. My Approach To Design: A Message for Students.Mimar 2: Architecture in Development (1981), Image Source: Vastu Shilpa Foundation, Ahmedabad.


  1. With sup­port from Prof. Rajat Ray, Dean Faculty of Architecture, Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University.
  2. (a) Rajya Sabha de­bate on The Architects Bill (1968)’ start­ing 19th December 1968 through to 7th May 1970. In The Architects Act. New Delhi: Rajya Sabha Secretariat, 1970; and (b) Rajya Sabha de­bate on The Architects Bill (1972)’ on 10th April 1972. In The Architects Act. New Delhi: Rajya Sabha Secretariat, 1972.
  3. Case Studies and Examples - (a) IIT Kharagpur Syllebuls and Examination Scheme, 1958, (b) The Habitat Schools Curriculum (late 1980s), and (c) Cultural Values in Architectural Education” (see Mazumdar, Sanjoy. Cultural Values in Architectural Education: An Example from India.” Journal of Architectural Education 46, no. 4 (1993): 230-238); and Tombesi, Paolo, Bharat Dave, and Peter Scriver. Routine pro­duc­tion or sym­bolic analy­sis? India and the glob­al­i­sa­tion of ar­chi­tec­tural ser­vices.” The Journal of Architecture 8, no. 1 (2003): 63-94.
  4. Nadir, Dr K. L., and Anand Bhatt. Master’s Course in Architecture Education for GGSIPU, New Delhi. New Delhi: Architexturez Imprints, 2005, (PDF di­rect down­load: https://​ar­chi­tex­turez.net/​sys­tem/​files/​pdf/​m-arch_2004.pdf) see also three course cur­ric­ula by GREHA: GREHA (गृह) Curriculum Development. GREHA. Delhi, India: Greha, 1989.
  5. Course Curriculum at CEPT University, 1963-2001, Edited by Neelkanth Chhaya, Pratyush Shankar and Vishwanath Kashikar. FA - CEPT University Booklet Series. Ahmedabad: Faculty of Architecture, CEPT University, 2011.
  6. (a) The Centre for Environmental Planning and Technology University Act, 2010. (GUJARAT ACT No. 10 of 2010) In Gujarat Government Gazette, ex 1-4 part LI., 2010; and (b) The Centre for Environmental Planning and Technology University Act, 2005. (GUJARAT ACT No. 24 of 2005) In Gujarat Government Gazette, ex 1-4-part IV., 2005.
  7. Vasavada, Rabindra, and Anand Bhatt. M. Arch. Course in Architectural Education: Programme notes com­mis­sioned by CEPT University. New Delhi: Architexturez Imprints, 2006
  8. The lec­ture is styled af­ter a pa­per: Chandavarkar, Prem. Regulating Architectural Education in India, an Approach Paper. New Delhi: Architexturez Imprints, 2004.
  9. Specifically, Council of Architecture ver­sus AICTE, 2003-04. New Delhi: Architexturez Imprints, 2004.
  10. See, for ex­am­ple, the man­ners of speech cul­ti­vated by the Indian Institute of Architects; (a) Kshirasagar, G B. A Plea for the Introduction of Architecture in the Scheme of Education in Changing India.” Journal of The Indian Institute of Architects, XII, no. 4, Apr. 1947, pp. 72–74; and (b) Kanvinde, Achyut P. Presidential Address by Achyut P Kanvinde.” Journal of The Indian Institute of Architects July/September (1974): 17-20.